Do you know what the current ratio is for your business? How about the quick ratio? These two ratios are considered important liquidity ratios, or ratios that will give you an idea of how well you can meet your debt obligations. These two ratios are critical because if your business does not have liquidity, then it won’t be able to pay its liabilities. Also, the business may not be able to handle an unexpected expense.
The Current Ratio is the total of current assets that your business owns (ex.-cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, inventory, etc.) divided by current liabilities (ex.-accounts payable, taxes payroll, debt obligations due within the year, etc.). This ratio shows whether the assets that you own can be converted into cash within a year in order to pay off your liabilities that are due within a year. A ratio of less than one means that you could run short of cash within the year unless additional revenue is brought into the business.
The Quick Ratio is similar to the current ratio; however, inventory isn’t included in the calculation. The quick ratio is expressed as cash and cash equivalents plus accounts receivable divided by current liabilities. Inventory isn’t include because it may be difficult to turn over the inventory within a year.
Both of these ratios should be analyzed together to help you calculate how well your business can meet is debt obligations.